Cannabis seeds Autoflowering Dwarf wonder to look at. They look like bonsai trees and their stocky appearance doesn’t look like they do not yield much, and yet they do. Take the Royal Dwarf for example. It is only 40cm in height, yet it is ready for harvest in 8-9 weeks after germination and will give you a yield of up to 200 grams per square meter or roughly 80 grams per plants. This hybrid between the sativa and ruderalis variety could be the crop you’re looking for.
Here are the perfect cultivation techniques for other auto-flowering dwarf cannabis seeds but let’s understand some things first.
Why Plant Cannabis Seeds Autoflowering Dwarf ?
Indoor growing space is precious. Having smaller plants is actually playing to your advantage. You see, one of the scarcest resources in your indoor garden is the lighting. Plants need more light if they are put too near each other affecting each other’s growth if the light should be blocked by something especially another plant.
With smaller plants, this becomes a lesser issue as there is more even light distribution in between the plants. And with plant training techniques such as topping, you may even make your auto-flowering cannabis plants grow laterally instead of vertically for more light distribution.
Dwarf Cannabis Cultivation Techniques
Lighting, ventilation, soil, fertilizers, others play together to give you perfect cultivation. But this starts with the soil.
Soil And Pots
Auto-flowering plants require light airy soil that has better ventilation yet drains quicker than clay soil and make it retain less water and nutrients. Auto-flowering marijuana plants do not thrive well on clay soil. That is why adding dry amendments or additives or simply known as fertilizers is one of the first things you must do. You have to prepare your plants by making sure that its soil is rich in Nitrogen, Potassium, and Phosphorus, by adding different proven dry amendments.
Auto-flowering plants are better adapted to the light airy soil, so, it is best practice to have less fertilizer. Sandy soil or light soil drains faster than clay soil and too much fertilizer on you auto-flowering plant will definitely hurt it. In terms of nutrients in auto-flowering plants, less is more.
Your soil pH levels should be neutral and do not allow it to become acidic or alkaline. A pH level ranging from 6.0-7.0 is adequate for a soil system or a hydroponic system of planting. Acidic or alkaline soil will hinder nutrient absorption of the plants.
Pots play a big part too. Understanding the soil requirement of auto-flowering plants will make us understand that they also need better water drainage and they don’t thrive well on wet soil. Because of this, you must ensure that you choose a post that is medium-sized, about 5-7 gallons that have good drainage for draining water and soil aeration.
Having a pot that is of decent size also meant that you should choose a pot where your auto-flowering cannabis will remain in its entire lifetime. Transplanting causes shock which the auto-flowering cannabis seedling may not tolerate very well. It is best to plant the seedlings or let seeds germinate in their final pots so that transplanting will no longer be a necessity.
Microorganisms in the soil also play a vital role in the development of your crops. Certain types of fungi have a symbiotic relationship with the plants. The fungi Mycorrhiza, for example, penetrate the feet of the plants and breaks down the compounds containing phosphorus in order to be easily absorbed by the plant. Mycorrhiza in turn benefit from the plant in a symbiotic relationship as the plant in turn supply mycorrhiza with amino acids and sugars.
For outdoor growers, they may add some predatory nematodes on their plants that feed on parasitic nematodes. Nematodes are roundworms that naturally thrive in the soil.
The most unique trait of auto-flowering plants is their ability to develop automatically into their flowering stage even without changing the light cycle. For auto-flowering cannabis plants, it is best to keep the lighting in an 18-hour cycle throughout their lifetimes. Some growers did try lighting it for 24 hours every day which produced good yields but the quality of those produced in 18-hour cycles are better.
Full spectrum LED lights work best in any type of auto-flower marijuana plant. Higher lumens mean better yield for your crop too. If LED is too expensive for you, CFL of fluorescent lighting is a cheaper option.
But in terms of lighting, sunlight is still the best light for your auto-flower plants. Even if you live in an area with only 12 hours of sunlight on average, it is still more powerful lighting than any artificial lighting system that growers could produce and will still give you better yields. So, growing outdoors is a viable option for your plants especially if you are able to environmentally protect your plants in a greenhouse.
Auto-flower plants thrive in specific light spectrums. During their vegetative state, your plants must receive cooler light and in the flowering period, they must receive warmer lights. This is because auto-flower seeds germinate during spring and flower during summer and you could mimic this natural phenomenon in your indoor lights using LED lights with different color temperatures. Some CFL lights may also have this option to choose different colored lights.
Plant training is making your plant adapt to the stress that is artificially put into it by the grower in order to affect its growing behavior. Different kind of plants may need different kinds of training. One such training is the Low-Stress Method or LST. This method requires bending the stems of the plant in order to bend so that light gets distributed evenly across the plant especially those leaves on the lower part.
Topping is also a technique that means cutting the main stem in order for the plant to grow from more than one cola or big stem rather than one. FIMing is another method like topping but it only requires a slight cut on the top of the plant without cutting it entirely just like in topping. Marijuana plants normally grow like a Christmas tree but topping and FIMing will make it bushier with leaves more scattered and ready to absorb more light. It is important to note that training could only be done on healthy plants as sick plants may die due to the stress of the training procedure.
Cultivating your autoflowering dwarf cannabis seeds would be successful with these techniques. Make sure you do more research and talk to fellow growers if you are a first time grower.